Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) is a specialized type of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) that focuses on the effects of trauma. It was developed to help children and adolescents who have experienced trauma, while regular CBT is suitable for people of all ages.
TF-CBTis a comprehensive treatment approach that includes the patient, their family, and their caregivers. It incorporates family therapy principles and helps patients overcome trauma-related issues.
Immediately after the intervention, post-traumatic growth and emotional regulation questionnaires are used to assess the progress of all three groups. Research comparing TF-CBT with other treatment models has shown significantly greater improvements in the well-being of children and parents. The average post-traumatic growth score and emotional adjustment strategies in the TF-CBT group before and after the intervention were significantly different. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can manifest itself in a variety of ways, including recurring negative thoughts about the traumatic experience, emotional numbness, trouble sleeping, difficulty concentrating, and extreme physical and emotional responses to anything that triggers a memory of the trauma.
Early trauma can cause guilt, anger, feelings of helplessness, self-harm, misbehavior, depression, and anxiety. The ninth and tenth sessions of TF-CBT focus on how to overcome the horrors caused by trauma, issues related to memory and encounter with trauma, and devices to increase environmental protection. Most psychological research now focuses on PTSD in abused children, with little attention paid to post-traumatic growth concepts. There is no official accreditation for TF-CBT, although there are complementary training and courses available.
The validity of the inventory is calculated by correlating it with the questionnaire on post-traumatic stress disorder, resulting in a correlation coefficient of 0.88. In conclusion, TF-CBT is an effective treatment approach for children and adolescents who have experienced trauma. It helps them overcome trauma-related issues and improve their well-being. It also helps them develop adaptive strategies for dealing with emotions.